Bearded Dragons are the common name for given to a small group of lizards known also as Pogona which are found only throughout Australia.
Pogona are a genus of Agaminae, which is one of six sub families of Agamidae. Agaminae refers to the family of Agamids that are found throughout Africa, Asia and Australia. Pogona are also listed under the Agamidae sub family, Amphibolurinae, which are found throughout Australia and New Guinea.
The Bearded Dragon is classified scientifically with the following taxonomy:
Sub order: Lacertilia
Sub Family: Agaminae
Species: Bearded dragons are classified into the following species
- Pogona Barbata / Coastal or Eastern Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Henrylawsoni / Rankins or Lawsons Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Microlepidota / Small Scaled or Drysdale River Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Minor Minor / Dwarf Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Minor Minima / Western Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Minor Mitchelli / Mitchells Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Nullarbor / Nullarbor Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Vitticeps / Inland or Central Bearded Dragon
- Pogona Vittikins / Naturally occuring and captive crossbreed between P. Vitticeps and P. Henrylawsoni (aka P. Rankini)
Read more about bearded dragon species.
The common features of Agamid Lizards
- Tails do not regenerate
- Strong legs (Can move pretty fast when they need to)
- Semi-arboreal (spend some of their time in trees)
- Excellent vision
- Diurnal (active during the day)
- Primarily found in hot, arid environments (scrubland)
- Feeds upon insects, spiders, worms, vegetation and in larger species some small mammals.
- Teeth are arranged in an Acrodont formation (positioned on the outer rim of the jaw)
Additional features of Pogona
- They can partially change colours to reflect their mood and for communicating/ mating.
- Adults can inflate their throat (gular fold) and change it’s colour When threatened, they will puff up the beard and it will turn very dark.
- Spiney scales – location is varied between species of Pogona, in the most common, these are along the jaw, back of the head and along the sides of the body.
- Able to swim (More on bearded dragons swimming)