Scientifically known as Pogona Vitticeps, bearded dragons are medium-sized lizards which are generally 12 – 24 inches in length from head to tail. Bearded dragons are native to Australia, found in the eastern and central parts of the country. They usually live in deserts, woodlands, savannahs, arid and rocky areas, dry forests and scrublands.
Bearded dragons were introduced to the United States during the 1990’s. It can be found almost in all pet shops in America ever since, as one of the most popular reptiles. The most popular bearded dragon in the US is called the Inland or Central Bearded Dragon.
Despite the pet trade, the number of bearded dragons in the wild is still stable. They are not on the list of endangered species.
Where do Bearded Dragons Come From?
Bearded Dragons only come from Australia. They live in hot arid climates, such as semi-desert areas and dry woodland.
Bearded Dragons are semi-arboreal, they love to climb and jump as well as burrow. It is now illegal to export wild dragons outside of Australia, Bearded Dragons are now bred in captivity for sale worldwide.
While there is little water in their habitat they do actually enjoy swimming/ wading in shallow water nearly as much as they enjoy pooing in it! Here’s more information on where Bearded Dragons come from.
What do Bearded Dragons Look Like?
They are scientifically known as Pogona which is a sub species of the Agaminae family of lizards which are then part of the Agamidae species. Read more details about the features of Bearded Dragons.
They share many physiological features found in other Agamid lizards as well as things such as habitat, diet, behaviour. Bearded Dragons have very strong legs and can move at an astonishing rate if they need to, generally though they can only sustain short bursts.
They are called Bearded Dragons because of the beard like pouch under the mouth that they can inflate and the dark colours that it will turn. There are 9 species of Pogona / Bearded Dragon although some could be classed as the same since only the location of habitat varies.
In captivity Pogona Vitticeps has been bred in to a multitude of different colours and markings. They have excellent eyesight and can see prey over a fair distance. It has been known for them to run on their hind legs, although this is claimed to be seen in the wild – I have yet to see it.
There’s more in-depth info on the behaviour of Bearded Dragons but below are the basics. Pogona are diurnal, meaning that these lizards are active during the daytime. They display a variety of communication methods between themselves such as arm waving, head bobbing, colour changes and inflating their bodies into a disc shape to face off against each other.
In groups, more dominate dragons will often climb and lie on top of another dragon in order to claim a basking spot. They are very territorial and can be aggressive to other dragons, especially between males. They will bite and nip at toes and tails of other dragons and even attempt to steal food from another Beardies mouth.
Most adult dragons are docile and friendly with a good temperament, they can be quite outgoing and adventurous at times. They display some basic signs of intelligence, I have one dragon that recognises the sound of a bag of locusts and another that know where the food is kept and will always attempt to break in.
Below are the summary facts, but there’s a lot more to read up on in this collection of articles on Bearded Dragon diet, food & nutrition. Pogona/ Agamids are generally omnivorous eating anything from vegetation and insects to small mammals such as mice.
They can go for weeks without eating although generally are very greedy eaters. I have yet to find anything that a dragon won’t eat, it’s more a case of preventing them from things that they shouldn’t eat.
They need a supply of calcium and vitamin D3, using UVB radiation from the sunlight to help produce/ metabolise it.
Average life span is around 5-8 years. Pogona Vitticeps for example can live for up to 10 years and grow to up to 60cm / 24 inches in captivity. Life span is significantly reduced in poor habitat or constant breeding. You can read more about the life span of Bearded Dragons. by clicking that link.
Courting behaviour can last for weeks. In captivity they are prolific at breeding, with a high success rate for the young, you can quickly end up with 50 baby dragons with no effort. They can lay up to 150 eggs over several clutches. The female can store sperm to use when she has eggs to fertilise them. You can find more out more about how to breed bearded dragons on this site.
Brumation / Hibernation
Similar to mammals they will have extended periods of rest where they shut down/ sleep for a few months, this is known as bearded dragon brummation. When brummating they should be left alone and temperature inside the enclosure should be reduced.
More Interesting Facts:
Below is a list of 20 cool bearded dragon facts.
- A bearded dragon is a diurnal animal. This means that as humans, they are active during the day and sleep at night.
- Bearded dragons can reach 12 – 24 inches in length. Male dragons are usually larger than female dragons.
- The bearded dragon’s tail is almost as long as its body.
- A new born bearded dragon weighs about 2 grams and 4 inches in length.
- Bearded dragons are called “bearded” because they can enlarge their throats (that resembles beard) whenever they feel threatened.
- It’s very easy to tell if a bearded dragon is male or a female because of a few distinctive features. Males are usually longer than females and they have wider heads and darker beards. Females have thinner and slenderer tails than males.
- The Bearded dragon is an omnivorous animal which means they can eat both plants and animals. Their favorites food includes insects, small rodents, lizards and leafy plants.
- Bearded dragons greet other members of the group in a unique way. They stand on three legs while rotating the remaining leg in the air. They do the same when showing submission in front of a more dominant male.
- Bearded dragons can flatten their body and enlarge their throats when they feel threatened.
- Bearded dragons can regulate their body temperature by changing the shades of their color of the skin from dark to light and vice versa.
- Large lizards, birds of prey and dingoes are bearded dragons’ main predators.
- Unlike other lizards, bearded dragons cannot detach their tails when they try to escape predators.
- In the wild, when threatened, bearded dragons often stand on their hind legs to run from the threat.
- Unlike other lizards, if a bearded dragon loses his/her tail or other part of the body, except their front teeth, it will not regrow.
- Bearded dragon can lose its front teeth when trying to grab or tear apart its prey. But it can grow back.
- Bearded dragons are not very good runners. They can run only 9 miles per hour.
- Bearded dragons are able to breed throughout the year. They don’t have any specific breeding seasons.
- Bearded dragons usually reach their sexual maturity between 8 to 12 months of age.
- When a bearded dragon is sick, their backs become black, and their legs become light yellow.